★ 1946 Great Britain Lions tour
The 1946 Great Britain Lions tour was a tour by the Great Britain national rugby league team of Australia and New Zealand which took place between April and August 1946. The tour involved a schedule of 27 games: 20 in Australia including a three-test series against Australia for the Ashes, and a further 7 in New Zealand including one test match against New Zealand.
Captain Gus, risman, the lions returned home, won 21, drew 1 and lost 5 of their games. The team lost in the test match against New Zealand, but in winning the ashes against Australia 2-0 with one draw, they became the only great Britain team to date, to be invincible in the test series against Australia in Australia.
Despite the fact that the British team 11 team was the Welsh team played, and often referred to as the press at home and away as England. The team became known by the nickname Indomitables of his journey to Australia on Board the aircraft carrier HMS indomitable.
The tour was the first major sports series played abroad the British side in any sport after the Second world war.
1. Background. (Фон)
In September 1945, the Australian Minister for foreign Affairs, H. V. Evatt issued an invitation to the Rugby football League RFL to send the Australian team during the summer of 1946. In the RCTS were at first unsure about taking because the state of the game in the UK after the war, but after consultation with the clubs, the proposal was approved on a 19-4 vote in the October 1945, subject to appropriate activities and tourist trips.
Question about transport in Australia almost resulted in a canceled tour, a trip to the Australian authorities, who were unable to find a passage on a merchant vessel. At the beginning of March 1946 there was a possibility that the tour will not go ahead. In the end, the Australian high Commission in London organised the transport for the Royal Navy aircraft carrier indomitable, the Navy first team Rugby League went to the ship.
Travel to and from New Zealand is also a problem. Again, the shortage of merchant shipping was the problem and in June in New Zealand match of the tour was in jeopardy because of the unwillingness of the ship back to the UK until the end of August. Agreements were reached on some of the squad to fly to Auckland from Sydney up to the third test against Australia with the rest of the flight after the third test, and beds were found on the RMS Rangitiki.
2. Squad. (Отряд)
On previous tours he has been in practice for each playing position must be duplicated in the player the choice to protect from injuries, but this practice was not followed in this round, with 15 spins and only 11 forwards selected, including five centres, and only three propeller-forward. In 26 people was announced in March 1946. Appointed captain was the center of Salford gas risman with Widnes scrum-half Tommy McCue as Vice-captain. Risman and McCue were the only team members who have been on previous tours to Australia and New Zealand in 1936. The tour was one of the first to use numbering, not the numbering of the position.
The team Manager was Poppleton V. Bramley and Gabbatt William barrow business Manager. Crockford W. hull Kingston Rovers Rugby was represented by the Council of the football League, although he was not officially a member of the management team and your own path.
After the announcement of the Rugby football League RFL has entered into negotiations with leave white, Phillips, and Ernie ward, as all three are still serving soldiers. Initially the war office refused to allow white and Phillips, but after the statement of the Secretary of State for war, Jack Lawson, the decision was reversed within 24 hours and a permit is given for three rounds. Permission was denied RCTS already identified replacements, R. Robson Huddersfield on Phillips, E. Watkins Wigan for white and S. Rookes from Hunslet for the parish.
Each player was paid 30 / - shillings a week at sea and 50 / - a week on Earth with their wives to £3 per week and 7 / 6 seven shillings and sixpence per child.
The tour also was the first official presence of the press. Three British reporters, Ernest Crawthorne the Manchester evening news, Alfred Drewery Yorkshire post and Eddie Waring in Sunday Pictorial all accompanied the team to travel around Australia and New Zealand. Once in Australia they were joined by an Australian journalist, Harry Sunderland.
3. Schedule and results. (Расписание и результаты)
The detachment sailed from Devonport on the 3 April 1946 and arrived in Fremantle on 30 April. Indomitable was to continue to Sydney, but for technical reasons the flight was reduced to Fremantle. Team as well as a large number of dark personal, and the return of Australian and new Zealand soldiers disembarked and went by train through Australia, leaving Fremantle on may 8 and arrive in Sydney on may 12.
Before leaving Fremantle squad played an exhibition match in fulfilling the commitment to the indomitable captain during the voyage, divided into two teams, McCues red beat Rismans Blues 24-5. Collection of sea charity raised £44 to which RCTS have added £10 / 10.
The third test was the final match of the Australian leg of the tour. To migrate to New Zealand it was arranged for the team to fly, the size of the aircraft that you need to travel on three separate flights from the airport waters of the Bay increased by 22, 23 and 24 July.
The team sailed for home on August 14 on Board RMS Rangitiki, arriving at Tilbury on 24 September.
4.1. Ashes series. First test. (Первый тест)
The first test was played at Sydney cricket ground on 17 June 1946. The queue to get into the world began the night before and by 7:30 a.m. on the morning of the test, Australian authorities felt it necessary to open the gate to earth a few hours earlier and by 11:30 am the first was full.
The game started as scheduled, and England took an early lead as the confrontation between Willie Horne scored the only try in the third minute after collecting a wayward Australia to the Australian line. Risman missed the conversion, the first few misses in his shots during the match. The Australian captain Joe Jorgenson kicked a penalty soon after to make the score 3-2 to England. Speaking point in the match came after half an hour of the first half when England centre Jack kitching was sent for punching Jorgenson. Despite the dismissal of England took a 6-2 lead when Frank Whitcombe points before the break.
In the second half, with England disorganized after the dismissal Kitchings, Australia fought back and brought the score to 6-5 with a try by center Ron Bailey. England extended retaliated as risman struck free kick, but with ten minutes left Australia equalized, and the striker Lionel Cooper scored a try. In the final minutes both risman and Jorgenson missed chances, the penalty that could win the game for their countries. Most observers agreed that England probably would have won if the removal Kitching did not happen.
After the game Kitching said hes pushed Jorgenson off and said that he was bitten. Jorgenson denied that he was bitten Kitching and the judicial Committee of the New South Wales Rugby agreed Kitchings dismissal of the claim without consideration from Jorgenson and warning Kitching for punching. With this Bitching and English leaders wanted to forget this incident, but Jorgenson wanted a hearing to clear his name, but the Committee rejected the request and confirmed that they have no evidence Jorgenson bit Kitching, Jorgenson was not guilty of any lewdness, and "his good name and the club record has not been broken", and that there is no need for Jorgenson to appear before the Committee.
4.2. Ashes series. Second test. (Второй тест)
After the drawn test in Sydney, England only need to win the second test to keep the ashes as is the series result in the holders accounting for the trophy. Australia made only one change to their side with loose forward Jack Hutchinson replacing the injured Noel Mulligan, the captaincy also changed, as Ron Bailey succeeded fellow Centre Joe Jorgenson. England made two changes with Arthur Bassett replacing the injured Eric Board on the wing and Ted ward replacing the suspended Jack Kitching. Also in the backs of Roman Gus and Ernest ward are reversed in the house of counsel and risman in the center.
The game was played at the Brisbane exhibition ground on July 6, 1946. Despite the strike of public transport and restrictions on non-essential travel, a huge queue was formed outside of the Earth early morning, and the gate was open at 7 a.m., a few hours before the game. By 10 am the first was full and the gates were locked, it was unpopular among the thousands of people still outside the Ground and the gate fell and crashed around 10 000 people in the ground. It is still much more beyond the Earth and the Australian team, who went on the Land was great difficulty gaining entrance, England, only to Land the police to arrange the escort for the team cars and made their way through the crowd.
At the beginning of the match was a very tense game in the first quarter, before England opens the scoring as debutant Arthur Bassett got possession from McCue kick to score a try on the wing. The only other first half highlights were Ernest download the charges, as he scored from the penalty spot from outside Australia 25-Yard 20-yard line.
With England in the beginning of the second half with a 5-0 lead, Australia needed to score first to get back in the game and minutes in the second half, they did as Jorgenson put over a penalty to make the score 5-2. Shortly thereafter, though Bassett scored his second try to increase Englands lead to six points. Australia came back with a try through captain Ron Bailey to England scored two more tries to put the game out of Australia, make the first scored by albert Johnson, then Bassett completed his hat-trick to make the score 14-5. Just before the end of hooker England Joe Egan was sent off for hitting an Australian second-rower keys Arthur after tips made a heavy tackle on Ernest ward Egan, who thought he should have been punished by the judge. When he took the field Egan said: "If the judge will not do their job, someone should." Shortly after the game ended, and England retained the ashes.
Attendance was officially registered as 40.500 but estimates of the number of viewing was closed to 60.000, when the uninvited guests and members of the Royal National agricultural and industrial Association of Queensland owners of land included.
4.3. Ashes series. Third test. (Третье испытание)
England came into the game making two changes compared to the previous test. Prop Frank Whitcombe was replaced by George Curran and Eric batten was recalled to the wing. Australia made five changes with the weather Trevor, Noel white and Clem Kennedy, being called into the back while Jim Armstrong and Noel Mulligan came forwards.
With the ashes already decided the game at the Sydney cricket ground on July 20, about pride for both teams and the match was hotly contested from the start. Almost a quarter of the game gone, before both sides scored, and it was Australia who took the lead as Joe Jorgenson kicked a penalty. England bounced back with a goal of Goose risman field to another Jorgenson penalty restores Australias lead. Then Australia scored the games first try, George Watt collecting wayward England kick and turning to Clem Kennedy who scored a try. At halftime Australia led 7-2, but it was short-lived as the second half started with England, scoring eight points in the first four minutes of the half. First I was then risman penalty from Arthur Basset and Curran to put England ahead 12-8. As the pressure on the English line, but lost momentum when Arthur clues was sent off for attempting a dangerous tackle pendulum on risman. Tips actually missed Roman, but the attempt was so obvious that the judge had to send the keys to. England used the one man advantage and scored two more converted tries, first, IKE Owens, and second, at the end of the game, at the Bassett to win 20-7.
5. New Zealand test. (Новый тест Зеландии)
The only test match in New Zealand was held on a wet Carlo Park in Auckland on 10 Aug 1946. England gave test debuts to three players, Joe Jones, Trevor foster and Bryn Knowelden while the whole New Zealand team was previously disclosed.
On a very heavy pitch the first half was played with many stops card and no tries were scored. Instead, New Zealand led 6-0 at halftime after three penalty kick struck defender Warwick Clark.
The second half coincided with the rain hampered the possession for the rest of the game. England returned with the attempts of Eric Board, and Ernest ward to equalise. Then ward scored a penalty to put England ahead to New Zealands advantage as Bruce Graham scored a try after catching Clark penalty kick, which bounced off the post. Clarks transformation and kicking a further penalty made the final score 13-8.
6. Finances. (Финансы)
Net sales for the tour were £46.312 £38.226 from the Australian games and £8.085 from New Zealand the legs, of which the share of England was £27.782 60%. Expenses and allowances to the players and their families amounted to £18.145 leaving a profit of £9.647. This one-third was divided among the detachment, which thus received £123 / 13 / 7 each and the balance of £6.431 went to RFL.
7. Statistics. (Статистика)
In General England is ahead of his opponents almost 3:1 scoring 783 points, and conceding 276.
All 26 players appeared at some point on the tour. Harry Murphy was unlucky and broke his collar bone during a match against group 8, which excluded him from the end of the tour, playing just one match. Martin Ryan also missed most of the tour after diagnosed with a hernia, which required surgery and a long recovery period.
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