★ Rugby union in Wales
Rugby union in Wales is the national sport and is considered a large part of national culture. Rugby union is thought to have reached Wales in the 1850s, with the national body, the Welsh Rugby Union being formed in 1881. Wales are considered to be one of the most successful national sides in Rugby Union, having won the most Six Nations Championships, as well as having reached 3 World Cup semi finals in 1987, 2011 and 2019, having finished 3rd in the inaugural competition and having finished 4th in 2011 in a repeat of the first third place play-off. The Welsh team of the 1970s is considered to be arguably the greatest national team of all time, prompting many experts in the game to suggest that had the Rugby World Cup existed during this period, Wales would be amongst the list of World Cup winners. Following their fourth-place finish in the latest World Cup, they are ranked 4th in the world, behind England but ahead of Ireland.
Team to play at a GW owned the stadium of the Principality, and annually compete in the six Nations championship and also competed in every world Cup Rugby. Wales are ranked as 1st level of the nation, in the world of Rugby waterproof. Wales also acts as one of 15 "core teams" in the annual World series Rugby and won the 2009 Rugby world Cup sevens.
The main domestic competition in Wales is Pro14 historically the Celtic League, in which Wales four regional sides in the competition, which is also contested by Irish and Scottish clubs and from 2010-11 Italian teams. Top-level Welsh regional teams and compete in Europe Cup, the European Rugby Champions Cup and European Rugby challenge and together with the teams of the Premier League of England in Anglo-Welsh Cup.
Under the Pro14, club Rugby is represented by over 200 WRU affiliated clubs who play in the Welsh Premier League, Welsh Lower League in the division. Historically the four major Welsh club teams that have shaped the Welsh national team in Cardiff, Newport, Swansea and Llanelli, although other clubs who have fought for prominence and provided national sporting heroes during the last 120 years include Bridgend, neath, Pontypool, Pontypridd, and England exiles London Welsh. Four Welsh teams compete in the Cup of England and Ireland, a competition for semi-professional and the development of the UK and Ireland. They are, as a rule, the top clubs in the top division in each region, although doubles teams in the Pro12 was introduced in 2015-16.
As of February 2019 the Welsh Rugby Union are reviewing in a number of regions, with the potential of consolidation for the financing of two or three super teams.
1.1. History. The growth of rugby in Wales 1850-1900. (Рост регби в Уэльсе 1850-1900)
Rugby-like games have a long history in Wales, with games such as cnapan is reproduced for centuries. Rugby seems to have reached Wales in 1850, when the Reverend Professor Rowland Williams brought with him from Cambridge to St. Davids College, Lampeter, which fielded the first Welsh Rugby in the same year.
Rugby initially expanded in Wales through ex-pupils of the Welsh colleges of calming, or students from English colleges and universities returning to the larger industrial centres of South Wales. This is reflected in the first clubs to embrace the sport in the early to mid-1870s, with neath RFC is widely acknowledged as the first Welsh club. The strength of Welsh Rugby developed over the following years, which could be attributed to the "big four" clubs of South Wales in Newport, who lost only seven games under the captaincy of Llewellyn Lloyd between 1900 / 01 and 1902 / 03 season, Cardiff, Llanelli, who have lost just twice in 1894 and 1895 and Swansea. With the advent of industrialisation and the Railways, Rugby, too, has spread, as workers from large cities brought the game to the new steel and coal towns of South Wales. Merthyr formed in 1876, Brecon in 1874, Penygraig in 1877 as the city adopted the new sport they reflected the growth and development of a new industrial Wales.
In the 19th century, and the establishment of the clubs was a lot of teams of zero filling in most towns, informal pub or social teams that will form and quickly dissolve. Llanelli, for example, in 1880-ies was home not only to Llanelli RFC, but also to Gower road, Seasiders, tickets Rangers, prospect place Rovers "Amtek" Foundry, Cooper mills Rangers, new dock strollers, Vauxhall juniors, moonlight Rovers and Gilbert street Rovers. These teams come and go, but some merge into more settled clubs which exist today, Cardiff RFC was itself formed from three teams, Glamorgan, Tredegarville and Wanderers football clubs.
Football club South Wales was established in 1875 to try to incorporate a standard set of rules and expand the sport and was replaced by the Welsh football Union which was formed in 1881. In the formation of the WFU, which would become the Welsh Rugby Union in 1934, Wales began to compete in recognised international matches, with the first game against England, also in 1881. The first Welsh team although fairly diverse in the geography of the clubs represented, does not seem to truly represent the strength available to Wales. The team was mainly made up of ex-Cambridge and Oxford University graduates and the selection was criticized in the local press after the crushing defeat against England.
By the end of the 19th century, a group of exciting Welsh players began to emerge, including Arthur Gould, Billy Bancroft and Gwyn Nicholls, the players who could be regarded as the first super-stars of Welsh Rugby and will mark not only the first Golden era of Welsh Rugby, and to see the introduction of a special position players.
1.2. History. The first golden era 1900-1919. (Первая золотая эра 1900-1919)
The first Golden era of Welsh Rugby is so called because of the success, which has made the team in the early 20th century. Wales have won the Triple Crown in 1893, but between 1900 and 1914 the team would win the trophy on six occasions, and with France joining the tournament unofficially in 1908 and 1909 three Grand Slam tournaments.
With the introduction of specialised players like hooker George Travers, WFU could not choose the best players to represent Wales, they needed to think tactically and choose people who could have something to do on the field. This period of Welsh Rugby would see the grip of the "big four" clubs, mainly from the national players is a little bit slippery. In the WFU still tended to turn with the likes of Swansea and Newport to supply the skillful back players and usually kept club midfielder of the pair together such as Jones and Owen Swansea. But it was the introduction Rhondda forward which saw men who worked day in and day out in the coal, iron and tin mines enter the Welsh front row. Selected for their strength and aggressive fighting, players such as Dai Tarw Jones from treherbert and Dai Evans from Penygraig added muscle to the front row.
Despite a progressive time for international Rugby, this period initially saw regression for many of the clubs in the form of the temperance movement. In the early 1900s, Rugby was seen as an evil temptation to the young men of the mining and metallurgical communities, leading to violence and drink, and in lowland areas, in particular, was part of a strong nonconformist Baptist movement. Religious revival saw some communities completely reject Rugby and local clubs, like Senghenydd, broke up for a few years. It was not until the 1910-ies, the social view of Rugby would change the other way, fostered by mine owners as a social unifier, and like baseball in America would portray.source of community integration because it installed civic pride.
Unlike the game in England, Rugby in Wales has never been perceived as a sport for the gentlemen of higher education. Although it was accepted in the first international Welsh team, the fast absorption of the sport in working class areas appeared to sever the link of Rugby as a sport for middle and high school.
As Rugby became associated with men of the industrialized areas of Wales, it should also be noted that sport does not avoid the hardships of the industry. In 1913 five members of the Senghenydd team were killed in Britains worst mine disaster, and many others died in the slow drip of deaths caused by industry. Much worse was to follow during the conflict of the First world war, when many teams lost members, including Welsh internationals like Charlie Pritchard and johnny Williams.
1.3. History. Post-war Welsh rugby 1920-1930. (После войны валлийский регби 1920-1930)
In 1920-e years were a difficult time for Welsh Rugby. The first Golden age ended and the players that comprise the teams that won four Triple crown already disbanded before the great war. The war cant be blamed for the downturn in Welsh fortunes as all the houses of the country have lost their young talents in equal amounts. The fact that many of Waless talented stars has retired from Rugby until 1910 was felt when Wales failed to win the tournament in a few years, until the war. But the main reason for failure Wales on the Rugby field can be mapped to the economic failures of Wales in the country. The first world war had created an unrealistic demand for coal, and in the 1920-ies the collapse of the need for coal has led to mass unemployment throughout the South Wales valleys. This in turn led to mass emigration as people left Wales for work. The Domino effect was felt in the port cities of Newport and Cardiff, who relied on the transportation of coal.
Suddenly a call from the professional League was very strong draw for men who could not claim the money for the game Union. Between 1919 and 1939, forty-eight capped Welsh Rugby Union joined Rugby League. The fact that the equivalent of three full national squads left the sport can only allude to the number of people and club members that also left the sport. Exceptional players lost to the League game included Jim Sullivan of Cardiff, William Absalom in Abercarn and Emlyn Jenkins Treorchy.
On the other hand depression has been associated with those who remained behind. In homes where men were the only ones in the family, reduction of hard work resulted in very difficult choices about where money can be spent. It is hard to justify paying to watch Rugby when there was little money for food and rent. With the crowds thinning, the clubs were forced to take drastic measures in the hope of survival. The river tawe, covering, which had produced five internationals in the 1920s, By 1929 begging door to door for old kit. Haverfordwest disbanded from 1926-29, Pembroke dock quins were reduced to 5 members in 1927 and in the valleys of the tickets treherbert, Llwynypia and Nantyffyllon clubs had vanished before 1930. Even clubs of the size of Pontypool were not spared; in 1927 they were playing and beating the waratahs and the Maoris, by 1930 they were £2.000 in debt and on the verge of bankruptcy.
Another reason for the fall in the Welsh Union game can be placed on the improvement of football in Wales. Traditionally, a game more associated with North Wales, the success of the football club Cardiff in 1920-e years were a strong draw for many supporters. With two finals of the F. A. Cup In 1925 and 1927, Cardiff did once unpopular sport like soccer is very fashionable for fans and athletes.
In 1920-e years, the one team that seemed to be affected by the double threat of soccer and debt Llanelli. Scarlets had an unswerving loyalty from their fans, who were repaid through an interesting, very effective. In 1925 / 26 season the club were unbeaten and the next season they achieved the feat by defeating Cardiff four times. This success will subsequently be reflected in the increase in the number of Llanelli players that would represent their country in the 1920-ies, including albert Jenkins, Ivor Jones and Archie Skym.
Except for a few sporadic victories from the team, there was little joy in the 1920s for Welsh Rugby at club or country level, but the seeds of recovery were planted during the same decade. June 9, 1923, the Welsh secondary schools Rugby was established in Cardiff. Founded by Dr R Chalke, head of the middle port school with WRU members Horace Lyne as President and Eric Evans as Secretary. Its aim was to promote Rugby at school level in the attempt to bring back the glorious days of Gwyn Nicholls, Willie Llewellyn and Dr E. T. Morgan. In April 1923, the weapons in the Park, Wales played their first secondary schools fixture led by the future international Watcyn Thomas, who would go on to captain the first Welsh University XV in 1926. In the coming years, schools such as Oxford school, Llanelli County school, Llandovery and Christ College, Brecon trained a whole generation of players which would fill the Welsh ranks over the coming years. Wales have actually begun to mimic the systems adopted in England and Scotland, that Rugby should be nurtured from youth, adolescence to adulthood.
In the 1920s closed with the formation of the West Wales Rugby, an event which initially seemed, was a positive indicator of growth, but in fact the Union was formed by Western clubs to wrest control of the GW. The West Wales clubs had become disenchanted in decisions made by their parent body and believed the Union was not interested in the lower tier clubs, allowing them to be just feeders to the big clubs.
1.4. History. The Welsh revival 1930-1939. (Уэльское пробуждение 1930-1939)
In the 1930s began on a high for Welsh international Rugby, with success in the championship of the Home Nations and the emergence of a strong Welsh team. In 1931, the championship Wales beat Ireland at Ravenhill in a bruising affair that not only gave Wales the title but denied Ireland the Triple Crown. It may have signaled a change in the fate of Welsh Rugby, but under the same problems that haunted Wales during the 1920-ies remained. Wales was still suffering from the effects of the depression and club Rugby was struggling to survive. Even GW had problems as he was faced with the fact that it was the only home Union without their own ground. The Cardiff arms was leased and St Helens was on loan.
From the fact that at first glance it seems that another decade of turmoil for Welsh Rugby, is actually considered as the Renaissance period. The economic situation began to turn from 1937 WSSRU brought a lot of interesting spins through the school system in North Wales took the game and the team won two lift game against England in 1933 and all blacks in 1935.
From a statistical point of view, the Welsh national team was winning about the same number of games during the 1930s as a poor 1920-ies period, but Wales was actually improving. In the 1920-ies most Welsh victories were against France, then the weakest team in the five Nations championship, but in 1931 France were excluded from the tournament over accusations of professionalism at club level and was not returned until after the 1939 tournament, just before international Rugby was suspended because of world war II. Now Welsh wins came against more established home team. During this period, Wales won three Championships, but its greatest victory happened during the 1933 tournament, when they ranked last. Since its first international game in 1910, Wales failed to beat England at Twickenham in nine attempts. Now dubbed the Twickenham bogey, he took arrogance Cardiffs Ronnie boon to interrupt a series of failures as he scored a try and a drop goal to take the match 7-3. The game also saw the debut of two players who will be a Welsh great, Wilf Wooller and Vivian Jenkins.
Wales had a tour group in the southern hemisphere in the 1930s, first came Bennie Oslers South Africa, Jack Manchesters all blacks. The South Africans were rampant in Wales, winning the test match and all six club matches, though gained few supporters in connection with the kicking tactics Osler work. New Zealanders have got a better reception, and after the previous tour where the tourist went unbeaten the Welsh press were hoping for a return of the spirit, which won the first meeting in 1905. Before the match against Wales, New Zealand was to face eight club teams for six games. After winning the opening three English County matches and then beating a joint Abertillery and cross keys the "All Blacks" was shown the same form given in the first two rounds, but then stumbled against Swansea. Swansea were not in a period of growth and only two players showing any flair players were Wales schoolboy Willie Davies and Haydn Tanner. During the game Merv corner could not contain the attacking bursts from Tanner, the New Zealand extreme were involved in which turned allowed Davies the freedom that Davy Claude finished off with two tries. Jack the answer Manchesters in Swansea victory was to ask the new Zealand press, "tell them that we were beaten, but not to say that it was a couple of students." This win gave Swansea the distinction of being the first club team beat all three major groups in the vicinity of the southern hemisphere. All blacks were unbeaten in the next twenty matches, but lost in Wales in a classic game which Wales managed to win in the last ten minutes of the game after the Welsh hooker, don Tarr, was stretching from a broken neck.
1.5. History. Post-war Welsh rugby 1945-1959. (После войны валлийский регби 1945-1959)
The postwar years have seen emerge a strong club team, but it was not until the 1950-ies that the true combination of players could be made to translate the success of the club in international victories. The advent of television has seen a surge in popularity for the national team, but the decline in support of the club. Success has been achieved in the five Nations championship, Wales supplied many players to the British lions and New Zealand was beaten for the last time that century.
Decades after the Second world war was a boom time for Welsh Rugby, even though it was only in the 1950-ies to the benefits that can be seen on the playing field. Although Britain suffers from a post-war slump, attendance at the club has seen an increase in Rugby was again embraced as a spectator sport. Towns and villages which had seen their club disbanded during wartime saw their teams restored. AAMS were 104 clubs during the season 1946-47, by the mid-fifties, there were 130, even if the Union did nothing to weaken the strict rules of membership.
By 1950 in the UK and Wales began to benefit from improved economic conditions. This growth of consumer power and spending, which drew many people from the traditional spectator past times, such as sports and movies. With a newfound wealth of the population began the transition from social activities for home entertainment, with the biggest difficulty is the presence of a TV. Since the mid-fifties there was a significant drop in gate receipts as television is becoming more and more popular. In 1955 five Nations championship match Scotland vs Wales was broadcast live, at the same time, Aberavon V. Abertillery game which usually draw a crowd of 4000 was unable to collect 400. This has created a situation whereby Rugby in Wales was gaining in popularity due to the number of people who could now watch the international matches, but support at club level declined. This has forced the club Board to adopt various strategies to keep their clubs afloat. Many teams created a coupon means to allow rations clothing, which must be paid by participants to buy. With careful management and thrift most clubs not only survived, but grew. During the 1950-ies and 1960-ies with little money, many clubs had the opportunity to build new facilities or even own their grounds and club houses for the first time in its history. In 1951 Glamorgan Wanderers purchased the memorial grounds in Ely and in 1952 Llanelli were able to purchase the Rugby portion of the Park building. Similarly, 1954 saw Blaina to build a new stand, while llanharan were able to build their first changing rooms procured from surplus units of the RAF. These events were characteristic of the expansion of the club through the 50s. It was around this time that the social activities of the club were expanded, including the introduction of the committees of ladies.
Clubs also took matters into their own hands to promote themselves and their sport. 1947 saw the first unofficial club championship, won the NIT in his first year, but dominated by Cardiff and ebbw Vale until the 1960 / 61 season. In 1954 Welsh Rugby had its own tournament with the introduction of the Snelling sevens competition, while such as Glamorgan County enterprise introduced the Silver ball trophy in 1956 for the promotion of second tier clubs in the region.
The national team, after unconvincing displays during the 1940s years, found unexpected success in the early 1950s, winning two Grand Slam in 1950 and 1952. In the 1950 win came after a disastrous campaign of 1949, which saw Wales collect a wooden spoon, but after the opening win over England, the team in the last three games conceding just three points. The tournament saw the emergence of the Welsh record player Ken Jones as a world class wing, who is best remembered for his late try against the 1953 visit to New Zealand team. Championship 1950 to remember the tragic events after an away victory over Ireland, when a Charter flight, returning from winning the triple Crown match, crashed at Llandow. Seventy five Welsh fans and five crew died in the crash, at that time it was the worlds worst disasters of civil aircraft.
1.6. History. The second golden era 1969-1979. (Вторая золотая эра 1969-1979)
The Zenith of Welsh Rugby 1970-ies, when Wales had players such as Barry John, Gareth Edwards, Phil Bennett and JPR Williams by. Wales won four consecutive Triple Crown. The strong Pontypool front row of graham price, Bobby Windsor and Charlie Faulkner were all workers, and Robin McBryde was formerly the holder of the title Waless strong man.
Gareth Edwards was voted the greatest player of all time in a survey of players in 2003 and scored what is widely regarded as the greatest of all time in 1973 for the barbarians against New Zealand.
1.7. History. The start of the professional era: 1980 to 2012. (Начало профессиональной эры: с 1980 по 2012)
In the 1980s and early 90s was a difficult time for Welsh Rugby Union when the team suffered many defeats. Harsh economic times in the eighties meant that players such as Jonathan Davies and Scott Gibbs was tempted to go North to play professional Rugby in order to earn a living.
In 2003 / 4 the Welsh Rugby Union voted to create five regions to play in the Celtic League now Pro14 and represent Wales in European competition. It soon became four when the Celtic warriors were eliminated after only one season. BRU said about his hopes for the development of a fifth region in North Wales in the long term, the team at the heart of this plan is now known as RGC 1404.
In recent years, the Welsh Premier League and championship Welsh club Rugby has faced increased financial difficulties, historical clubs under threat. The Premiership side neath RFC have not received now decided to wind up the motion on tax and customs, and the team championship Pontypool rchc had to collect funds from supporters to remain seated.
1.8. History. Regional Rugby and future reforms: 2013 to present. (Региональное регби и будущих реформ: 2013 года по настоящее время)
Created by David Moffat in 2003 the Welsh Rugby system image region, the upper tier consisting of four regions of the club. However, the organization faced a number of funding problems in recent years. Currently, the regions are working under the contract of participation in 2009, which expires in 2019.
Regions in 2013, protested against the new agreement, as they believed it did not offer any financial commitment or clarity regarding competitions such as the Heineken Cup. The Union said that the funding will increase, but that the regions must engage in with respect or risk losing their income.
1.9. History. Project Reset. (Проект Сброса)
In 2018, the AAMS launched a project reset for the consideration of regional agreements. Because of the growing power of the French TOP 14 and English Premiership Rugby sides in the GW have higher wages, to bring the Welsh international players like Taulupe Faletau, Dan Biggar, Ross Moriarty, and rice Webb back in the Welsh League. But now I feel the Union agreement wages are insolvent.
AAMS was established, the Board of professional Rugby to handle the proposed changes, consisting of representatives from both the WRU and the regions.
Proposal 1 - the merger scarlets / ospreys and the Blues / dragons
According to one proposal, the system of the region will be reduced from four sides two. Ospreys and scarlets would merge, as would the Cardiff Blues and the dragons. Such proposals face opposition from broad sections of supporters which local loyalties will prevent them from traveling to traditionally rival reason to follow their team, standing on the terrace with their bitter rivals. However, opponents of the proposal point to the struggle of the team the Scottish Rugby Union test matches since switching to a two region model is dominated by Edinburgh and Glasgow warriors.
Offer 2 - Final dragon franchise, or move it to North Wales
As unfavorable the Welsh region, AAMS reportedly discussed moving dragons in North Wales, or completely closing it. It will be difficult, given the parties contractual obligations, and warranties to ground share at Rodney parade with Newport RFC and EFL League Two side Newport County A. F. C. Until 2021. AAMS suggested that the resulting space is then populated in the Northern part of Wales, taking the place of the Conwy-based, semi-RGC 1404.
In recent years, the dragons, but their attendance has improved, so this move is highly controversial and financially inefficient. BRU, however, both teams and the ground to have a strong control over the future of the franchise.
Regional Rugby franchise, originally known as Rygbi Gogledd Cymru Welsh language "Rugby in North Wales" and later known as RGC 1404, was founded in North Wales, plans called for the party to enter the Welsh Premier League is already in 2010-11 and in the end, the Celtic League / Pro12, but the venture was unsuccessful and was liquidated in 2011. The team, however, continues to play the part of the national Academy Wales Rugby. RGC 1404 has also a partnership with Rugby Canada, which franchise would have a minor role in developing the players of the canadian national team in Rugby, at least until enough local players were designed to fill the full competitive team.
Proposal 3 - the merger of the Cardiff Blues and the ospreys
As the most successful side in the Pro14 earlier Celtic League history, the ospreys now face serious problems, with reports of debt and stalled contract negotiations by threatening their claim to players such as the head of wines Alun Jones and coach Allen Clarke. Managing Director Andrew Millward described the struggle, involving a long year of budget cuts and structural weaknesses in the system of Welsh Rugby, as leaving Wales is unable to compete with the IRFU rivals and FRR.
Before the merger with the Cardiff Blues, however, the ospreys supporters pushed back, arguing that the removal of the ospreys franchise from Swansea area will leave one of Waless Rugby heartlands without the local area side, and not have to get to your rivals places in Cardiff arms Park.
The Blues supporters also point to a fierce battle will remain in their traditional Cardiff RFC colours and the name in 2003, and unwilling to accept the new identity.
Proposal 4 - merge the ospreys and scarlets
Later discussions punted the merger of the Western side scarlets and ospreys, with Llanelli and Swansea teams or the exchange of reasons or moving completely. However, the scarlets against such a merger with the ospreys in 2003, with the late Stuart Gallagher famously opposed to any arrangement which would end the name Scarlet.
2. Governing body. (Руководящий орган)
The Welsh Rugby Union is the governing body for Rugby in Wales. Their responsibilities include producing the national team and four regional franchises Cardiff Blues, scarlets, dragons and ospreys.
3. Competitions. (Соревнования)See also Welsh rugby union system
Waless four professional Rugby regions play in the Pro14 League and will participate in the European Champions Cup Rugby, European Cup Rugby challenge and the Anglo-Welsh Cup. The first two of these competitions, is set to launch in 2014-15, to replace the now defunct Heineken Cup and Amlin challenge Cup. Since 2006 they have also competed in the Anglo-Welsh Cup against clubs from the English Premier League.
There is also the Welsh Premier League and WRU Cup fought for the traditional club teams in Wales. Starting with 2009-10, four Home Unions was established by the British and Irish Cup is an annual competition for semi-professional teams across the UK and Ireland, starting with the 2013-14 edition, AAMS holds the playoffs among 12 clubs in the top division to determine four of which will be introduced in the UK and Ireland the Cup.
4. Popularity. (Популярность)
Rugby has a particular hold on the national psyche of Wales, the tournament, especially the six Nations.
The first proof of Wales as a nation embracing the sport of Rugby Union the rapid growth of Rugby clubs in the late 19th century. For 25 years, from 1875 to 1900, most towns and villages in South Wales was represented by at least one group, at least until the 1930-ies for North Wales to create their own League.
Although difficult to prove, popularity, two events that occurred in the early history of Welsh Rugby to demonstrate their growing influence on the people of Wales. The first was the Gould affair, when the Fund was created for the Welsh international Arthur Gould, instigated by the local newspaper. With an initial Fund of one shilling the public outcry saw the amount reach hundreds of pounds, mainly from working-class families with little extra money. The second incident occurred during Tonypandy a riot of 1910, when the striking miners attacked the shops and premises in the city centre. Were wounded 80 police officers and 500 civilians and killed one person. More than 60 institutions attacked and looted, and only two buildings to prevent damage. One was a jewelers which shutters in the other pharmacy owned by Willie Llewellyn, who, despite the chaos of the events was spared For services to Wales on the playing field.
For the match against Scotland in 2005, 40.000 Welsh people went to Edinburgh to watch the game. For 10.000 gathered on "Henson hill" to watch on the big screen of Wales V. Ireland that gave Wales its first Grand Slam since 1978. The result was welcomed among the fans and has even been used to explain a sudden economic surge.
Starting in 2013, the Millennium stadium hosted the day of judgment, a double header fixture of the four teams in the Pro12. The first two editions were more than 30.000 spectators. In 2015, the publication was 52.762 viewers, the highest in League history.
Choral tradition of Wales manifests itself at Rugby games in singing. Popular songs among the fans of Delilah by Tom Jones, CWM rhondda and Calon LAN and partly to replace the normal chanting of other Rugby supporters.
4.1. Popularity. Statistics. (Статистика)
According SCLC, 239 Welsh Rugby clubs, 2321 judges 28.702 pre-teen male players 21.371 teenager players, about 19.000 senior male players total male players 69.073 and also 1.000 adolescents, women, 1.056 senior women total female players 2.056.
4.2. Popularity. Demographics. (Демография)
Whereas Rugby in England fractured into the two separate sports of Rugby League and Rugby Union over the issue of money, Wales for the most part they remain true to the game. There were some attempts to run professional Rugby League in Wales, but the heart of Welsh Rugby was simply too far from Yorkshire and Lancashire for this to be sustainable.
There is always an element of class struggle in Rugby in Wales. In 1977 Phil Bennett before the game PEP talk before England produced a memorable quote:
Look what these bastards have done to Wales. They took our coal, our water, our steel. They buy our houses and live in them for two weeks every year. What have they given us? Absolutely nothing. We exploited, raped, controlled and punished by the English - and thats who you play that day.
The Welsh valleys North of Cardiff produced so many quality number tens that it is often referred to as half Factory immortalized in song by Max Boyce. Boyces humor is very often in Rugby and he has written many songs about the trials and tribulations watched the game as a fan, for example, asso Yogoshi, the Scottish trip, hymns and arias.
5. The national team. (Сборная)
Wales compete annually in the six Nations they have won 27 times, the last one in 2019. Wales also appeared at all the world Championships, which were held, and achieved their best result in the 1987 tournament, when they finished third. The national team play at the Millennium stadium built in 1999 to replace the old national stadium. Play Wales in scarlet jerseys, white shorts and green socks, with the Jersey sporting the Prince of Waless feathers as their official badge, underlining the close link between the GW and the English Royal family. Every four years the British and Irish Lions go on tour with players from Wales and England, Ireland and Scotland. In 2013, the third and final test match of the British and Irish lions tour of Australia, Wales have released 10 players in the starting lineup 15. The lions went on to win the game with ease, securing the series 2-1.
6. Bibliography. (Библиография)
- Thomas, Wayne 1979. A Century of Welsh Rugby Players. Ansells Ltd.
- Smith, David, Williams, Gareth 1980. Fields of Praise: The Official History of The Welsh Rugby Union. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. ISBN 0-7083-0766-3.
- Goodwin, Terry 1984. The International Rugby Championship 1883-1983. Glasgow: Willow Books. ISBN 0-00-218060-X.
- Richards, Huw A Game for Hooligans: The History of Rugby Union.
- Morgan, Prys 1988. Glamorgan County History, Volume VI, Glamorgan Society 1780 to 1980. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.
- The Welsh Rugby Union WRU Welsh: Undeb Rygbi Cymru is the governing body of rugby union in the country of Wales recognised by the sport s international
- The New South Wales Rugby Union or NSWRU, is the governing body for the sport of rugby union within most of the state of New South Wales in Australia. It
- Since 1908 Australia and Wales have competed against each other in rugby union in 43 matches, Australia having won 30, Wales 12, with 1 draw. Since 2007
- The Wales national rugby union team Welsh: Tim rygbi r undeb cenedlaethol Cymru represents Wales in international rugby union Its governing body, the
- The Wales women s national rugby union team first played in 1987. Wales plays in the Women s Rugby World Cup and the Women s Six Nations Championship.
- Rugby Union has a long history in Wales Today it holds tier one status with the IRB. However, compared to Scotland, England, and Ireland, it was a latecomer
- with Wales winning once and Samoa winning twice. Note: Date shown in brackets indicates when the record was or last set. History of rugby union matches
- Rugby union is a popular sport in the British Isles Great Britain and Ireland including England, Wales Scotland and Ireland. The game was arguably
- rugby union tour of Wales and Spain was a series of eight matches played by the Māori All Blacks then known as the New Zealand Māori team in Wales in
- Wales and Fiji have played each other at rugby union since 1985, when Wales won the inaugural game 40 - 3. Since then they have played each other on several
- Wales rugby team can refer to the following - Wales national rugby union team Wales national under - 20 rugby union team Wales national under - 18 rugby union
- The national rugby union teams of Wales and Japan have met 10 times in senior international matches, of which Wales have won nine and Japan one. Most of
- Australia rugby union tour of Europe was a series of nine matches played by the Australia national rugby union team the Wallabies in England and Wales in October
- The 1995 Wales rugby union tour was a series of matches played in August and September 1995 in South Africa by the Wales national team. The tour consisted
- The 1996 Wales rugby union tour of Australia was a series of matches played in May and June 1996 in Australia by the Wales national rugby union team. Scores
- The Wales national rugby sevens team competes in the World Rugby Sevens Series, the Rugby World Cup Sevens and in the Commonwealth Games. Wales were the
- South Africa and Wales have competed against each other in rugby union since 1906. Of the 35 matches played to date, South Africa have won 28, with one
- rugby are played in Wales - rugby league and rugby union Please see the separate pages for their sports history. Rugby league in Wales Rugby union in
- The 1978 Wales rugby union tour of Australia was a series of nine matches played by the Wales national rugby union team in Australia in May and June 1978
- The 1998 Wales rugby union tour of Africa was a series of matches played in June 1998 in Zimbabwe and South Africa by Wales national rugby union team. Scores
- The New Zealand national rugby union team also known as the All Blacks has played 35 matches against Wales winning 32 of them. The first Test match
- The 1964 Wales rugby union tour of Africa was a collection of friendly rugby union games undertaken by the Wales national rugby union team to Africa. The
- Wales national rugby union players is a list of players who have represented Wales at rugby union The list only includes players who have played in a
- Rugby union widely known simply as rugby is a contact team sport that originated in England in the first half of the 19th century. One of the two codes
- The 1969 Wales rugby union tour was a series of rugby union games undertaken by the Wales national rugby union team to Australia, Fiji and New Zealand
- The1975 Wales rugby union tour of Far East was a series of matches played in September 1975 Wales national rugby union team No caps were awarded by Welsh
- The 1994 Wales rugby union tour was a series of matches played in June 1994 in Canada, Fiji, Samoa and Tonga by Wales national rugby union team. Scores
- Lewis born 7 October 1942 is a former Wales international rugby union player. He was capped six times by Wales as a scrum - half between 1966 and 1967.
- The 1988 Wales rugby union tour of New Zealand was a series of rugby union games undertaken by the Wales national rugby union team to New Zealand. The
- The Wales national Under 20 rugby team is for Welsh rugby union players aged 20 or under on January 1 of the year during which they are selected. Under
Users also searched:
union, Wales, Rugby, Rugby union in Wales, rugby union in wales,
no need to download or install
Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!online intellectual game →